In The Beginning
Toronto, sweltering summer, 1987. Teenage friends Vicar and Graf begin experimenting with a cheap sampler, synthesizers, and dense layers of effects. Drum machines are purchased second-hand, and with the aggressive accompaniment of Vicar's guitar and voice, the duo commit a handful of ideas to 4-track cassette. On a lark, they decide to partially name themselves after a 1970s BBC sound effects record. As these late-night sessions continue, the newly-minted DHI (Death and Horror Inc.) evolves its early sound, and some truly intriguing compositional ideas begin to appear.
Less than a year later, another friend of Vicar's steps on board. Bringing an almost fanatical interest in music technology to the band, Max checks in on synths, samples and metal percussion, completing the first incarnation of DHI.
The trio's inspiration appears to be boundless, and within a few months the group writes and records its debut album-length cassette Need And Ability. The tape (complete with regulation black-and-white photocopied cover) is distributed to a handful of indie record stores in Toronto. The cassette rapidly climbs the charts on CKLN, arguably the city's leading college radio station at the time, and by the end of the year, DHI is ranked at #20 on CKLN's Top 30 Cassettes for 1988.
If that wasn't enough of a high note, the band plays its first headlining weekend show at The Rivoli, Queen Street's art-rock mainstay. The club is filled to capacity, which proves to be a harbinger as DHI manages to reel in a capacity (and often well-over-capicity) crowd at the venue for the next seven years.
Chemical Land Showdown, the band’s second album-length demo, is released locally in 1989. Despite the group's lack of proper distribution, word-of-mouth excitement about DHI begins to reach far beyond the confines of the group's hometown. The UK journal Music From The Empty Quarter can barely contain itself:
"We are talking Toronto-based three piece electronic-industrial-guitar-man-eating-dance-noise on this cassette only release. Frankly, it is one of the best things I have heard recently, the title track is right alongside Ministry as a real gut-wrench. From Nitzer Ebb sequences, circa That Total Age, to real punishing metal rhythms, DHI have it all. Ten tracks long I just couldn't get over how good it was, why they aren't on a larger label I don't know, this sort of stuff cries out for a CD release. If you like your dancing aggressive, you won't find anything better. Very impressive."
And once again, the band hits the number 20 mark on CKLN's Top 30 Cassettes of the year.
1989 also sees a handful of Toronto DJs successfully chancing DHI’s sound on the dance club crowd. In the Fall of that year, the group is invited to support A Split Second, and a few weeks later, Front Line Assembly (sidenote: Rhys Fulber graciously gives the band a bottle of Bushmills). And by March 1990, DHI has cemented its reputation as being Toronto's go-to opening band for touring industrial acts (the trio warms up for one of their faves The Young Gods at The Rivoli).
The Record Deal
With both of DHI's cassettes selling hundreds of copies in Toronto's indie outlets, it becomes impossible for local record labels to ignore their progress. In 1990, Fringe Product inks the band to a two album, worldwide master purchase deal (which runs until 2006, at which time all rights to the masters are contractually transferred back to the band). DHI's good fortune continues when they're approached by producer/engineer Rob Sanzo (Dogpile, Malhavoc, Love Bomber, just to name a few) and in the cramped, musty basement of CIUT-FM, the group begin crafting their inaugural CD.
Co-produced by Sanzo, the limited-edition Chemical Land EP is launched in Summer, 1990.
"A solid release... superb sounds... the title track is already getting solid club and airplay in their hometown... DHI have a hard-fought release to be proud of."
— StreetSound magazine
However, just months prior to the disc's release, Max relocates to the States and is replaced by Nocturne (samples, violin). With the band's line-up solidified, a video for "Chemical Land" is completed with director/editor Steve Jones (who would become the band's exclusive video collaborator). The video finds its way onto MuchMusic on a regular basis, while the EP gets chart action on Toronto's commercial "alternative" station CFNY 102.1. Almost every Saturday night, the band enjoys hearing itself on the radio before they hit the clubs.
DHI's debut CD Machine Altar Transmission is released in early 1992.
"Toronto's DHI (Death And Horror Inc.) is an industrial trio who assemble one unnerving mastication onslaught of spiky beats, feedback guitars, and hellish, incomprehensible vocals... If Stockhausen messed around with Black and Decker, Machine Altar Transmission might have been his baby."
— CMJ Canada
(Almost) Big Time Media Coverage
As the group's profile has increased considerably by this time, the CD appears in the States and Europe as an import. That same year, DHI is profiled on MuchMusic, and on the internationally-syndicated New Music program. The band plays in support of Alien Sex Fiend (leaving the promoter to exclaim to Vicar, "actually, I thought you guys were better than them!"). A video is launched for the album cut "New Vision", and is visually centred upon metal artist Steve Richards’ "Insidious Devices" (which appeared at Lollapalooza in Ontario). Following a string of live dates, the group begins writing and recording in its Scriptorium studio, and later at Signal To Noise with Rob Sanzo.
In '93, just ahead of the release of the Bitter Alloys EP, Mike "Speed" Gibbs (Dogpile, Love Bomber) joins the band on guitar, bass and backing vocals. In a reciprocal move, Vicar joins Love Bomber on guitar, electronic percussion and backing vocals (an article entitled "DHI's Collision Bomber" appears in Toronto's Eye Weekly shortly thereafter).
At the EP's release party, CBC Prime Time News captures DHI in performance for a special on electronic music and culture, and its relationship to the “cyberpunk” vision of author William Gibson.
A second full-length appears in 1994 entitled Pressures Collide, and the four-piece DHI continue gigging wherever possible. Shooting for the "Pain And Courage" video (the CD's lead single) is conducted in a ghastly, long-abandoned brick factory.
A feature review appears in Alternative Press, with the band being favourably compared to one of their more obscure influences:
"DHI work with a mesh of samples, savage guitars, and electronic arrangements that are reminiscent of early Fad Gadget... DHI has a willingness to experiment, take a few risks and damn the consequences."
Licensing In Europe
1995 sees even more gigging by the band, with some of its material being presented with a funkier, techno-infused flavour. One of the most notable shows features a stellar opening set from Rhea's Obsession. Also in that year, DHI sees wider distribution of its material as the Pressures disc is licensed to Kk Records for domestic European release (a three-year deal).
Looking toward future output, the group holes up in the studio once again. Determined to push its sound into more adventurous territory than ever before, DHI finds itself working well outside traditional verse-chorus-verse structures. New sound-scultping and melodic possibilities unfold, and it is agreed that vocals would simply get in the way of many of the tracks. Compositions such as these are set aside for a new side project entitled Transformantra, while other cuts like the unreleased "Anything" are clearly DHI.
"Canada's Industrial Pioneers: Skinny Puppy, Front Line Assembly, Download, Numb, Malhavoc, DHI" is the February 1996 cover story from Canada's national Chart magazine. Giving DHI major props, this feature article states:
"the band continue to complement their live performances with oil drums banging and grinder sparks flying, drawing full houses to each dark club show... the city's most interesting industrial band, one poised to grip audiences outside of Toronto, as well."
Action within the band matches the magazine hype as DHI are constantly in the studio and playing out. That May, CIUT requests that the group headline its benefit show. Of course, after so much history with the station, the band obliges and they arguably turn in their greatest show to date. Rhea's Obsession open the night and are incendiary as ever.
A live version of "Chemical Land" is recorded at the CIUT concert, and appears on the limited-edition Nekrology compilation later in 1996. With a booklet of live photos of many of the bands that graced the Nekropolis stage (Hamilton, Ontario), the CD also features a number of previously unreleased tracks. The disc is launched at the Nekropolis club on October 2, and DHI plays a full set for a capacity crowd.
Another compilation — the European two-disc Apocalypse Now release — features DHI's "Rage" alongside Front Line Assembly, Skinny Puppy, Killing Joke, Fear Factory and countless others.
Licensing in the US
Two years after its initial Fringe Product release, DHI's second album (originally released 1994) & EP (1993) is licensed by an American record label for a contractual period of five years (a CD format release in the US). This combined album appears in 1996.
June, 1997: Hiatus Time
Following a break for the holiday season, the band return to the studio at the onset of '97. The group's innovation is unquestionably at a high-point as a number of tracks are finalized for its Transformantra project, and new DHI stormers like "Wasp" and "Emotional Lockout" hit the mixing desk. However, by June it is undeniable to the band that its most forward-thinking and adventurous output belongs to Transformantra. That month, the band announces the DHI moniker will be on hiatus.
Such is the band's popularity that an American record label chooses to license the CD format of DHI's first album & EP for a contractual period of five years. With the group's debut CD (originally released 1992) and EP (1991) repackaged as a single disc, this set becomes domestically available in the US in late 1997.
1998 sees an unprecedented level of critical acclaim brought to the band via its Transformantra release. And although the group is heavily focussed on this project, DHI's previously-unreleased "Emotional Lockout" reaches fans via the limited-edition Sweet Little Things (Sweet Tooth Entertainment) compilation.
In '99, DHI makes an online announcement about a forthcoming compilation of rare and live recordings. However, the project is put on hold as other matters take priority.
The Twenty-first Anniversary
Cut to 2008 and the twenty-first anniversary of DHI. To commemorate this event, the group remasters its entire catalogue from the original master tapes. Including all-new artwork, and a wealth of previously-unreleased material, these releases are available now.